Wushu Terminology


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 Baguazhang  Piguaquan
 Bajiquan  Sanshou
 Changquan  Shaolinquan
 Chuojiaoquan  Taijiquan
 Ditangquan  Tongbeiquan
 Fanziquan  Xiangxingquan
 Nanquan  Xingyiquan
   
   
   
   
   
   
   

 


 

 

 Baguazhang

Baguazhang features special footwork and the turning of the body. It uses changing palm techniques of pushing, holding, carrying, leading, thrusting, cutting, blocking, etc. The performer walks crisscross in all the directions. It features swift bossy movements, flexible footwork, and constant changes directions.

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 Bajiquan

Bajiquan is an infighting school of boxing, featuring short, sharp thrusts, powerful approaching, shoulder-striking, pressing and leaning techniques. The routines are usually short and well-knit, executed with violent force. Heavy stamping and bold approaches are often used to aid the application of force.

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 Changquan

Changquan, including Chaquan and Huaquan, is a major school of Wushu, which uses the three hand forms of quan, zhang and gou, and the five stances of gongbu, mabu, pubu, xubu, and xiebu. It is characterized by easy and stretching postures, agile, quick and powerful movements, and clear rhythm. It employs the techniques of leaps, jumps, rollings and tumblings, Chaquan, Huaquan and other styles of Changquan each have their own unique characteristics and features.

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 Chuojiaoquan

Chuojiaoquan is characterized by leg attacking techniques. The basic leg techniques include stamping, heel kicking, entangling, pointing, juggling, treading, and grinding. In training, each step is followed by a foot kick, with altering had and foot movements. This is a style that shines in leg techniques.

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 Ditangquan

Ditangquan is a style that features tumbling, falling , rolling, and looping. Since it involves a lot of acrobatic stunts, its techniques have a higher degree of difficulty.

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 Fanziquan

Fanziquan boasts short, swift vigorous movements, compact and well-knit routines and swift force application. Fanziquan is characterized by quick succession of hand and foot movements, and usually several techniques are applied at the same time in a furious manner.

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 Nanquan

Nanquan includes all the schools of Wushu popular in South China. There have been a variety of schools and styles, such as the Hong, Liu, Cai, Li, and Mo families in Guangdong Province, and the Yunchun and Wuzu schools in Fujian Province. Each of these has its own features, yet with many things in common: powerful extertion of force, firm and steady footwork, clear-cut movements, and good positioning of body to be ready to react to attack from any direction. Nanquan performers often shout and have their muscles bulged when applying force.

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 Piguaquan

Piguaquan is mainly a long range striking combat art, characterized by far reaching, powerful attacks that are coupled within fighting techniques. Violent extension and contraction, and hacking plus parrying mark its performance. The application of techniques requires that the waist be turned and hips drawn in, the arms relaxed and crossed, and the force be focused on the shoulders and arms.

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 Sanshou

All free combat duels between two fighters according to certain fixed rules is called Sanshou. Taiji Push Hand, short and long weapon duels all fall into this category.

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 Shaolinquan

Shaolinquan is a great system that embraces a great variety of different styles, including dahonquan, xiahonquan, paoquan, meihuaquan, qixingquann, and luohanquan. Shaolingquan , as it is taught at the Shaolin Monastery in Songshan Henan Province, features simple, straight, small, compact and very forceful postures and movements. One peculiarity is this the fist strikes out with the arm neither bent nor totally stretched out. The conclusion of a movement is often accompanied by snorting.

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 Taijiquan

Taijiquan, is a soft, light and slow exercise which features continuos, circular and fluent movements. Different styles of Taijiquan stress different aspects. Currently, there are five styles of Taijiquan; Chen, Yang, Wu, Wu and Sun. All Taijiquan evolved from Chen Style Taijiquan.

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 Tongbeiquan

Tongbeiquan features the five basic techniques of backhand blowing, slapping, thrusting, palm hacking and corkscrew blowing - all closely interwoven with each other, and supplemented by another eight techniques: circling, grasping, hooking, rubbing, cutting, scraping, poling, and flapping. One special feature is that the hand strikes out in the form of palm, and blows in the form of fist. Shoulder-swinging and wrist-flipping are employed to make striking arms hit far with sudden, quick and explosive force.

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 Xiangxingquan

Xiangxingquan is an imitation plus fighting art, which blends combat techniques with imitation of certain animals or bird or appearances of certain persons. It consists of a great number of styles, such as eagle claw, preying mantis, monkey style, snake style, and drunken style. Xiangxingquan emphasizes the imitation of the spirit of certain animals or persons. When practicing Xiangxingquan one should not imitate the appearances of the object, but also fully display Wushu characteristics of attack and defense.

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 Xingyiquan

Xingyiquan always starts from a stance with body weight mainly resting on the back leg (Santishi). It employs the palm cut, the straight blow, the corkscrew, the oblique thrusts and the swing as its basic fist techniques. This style of Wushu features the imitation of the characteristic movements of certain animals, such as dragon, tiger, monkey, horse, turtle, cock, hawk, swallow, snake, eagle, and bear. Xingyiquan is characterized by simple and steady movements, straightforward and compact routines.

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