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Baguazhang features special
footwork and the turning of the body. It uses changing
palm techniques of pushing, holding, carrying, leading,
thrusting, cutting, blocking, etc. The performer walks
crisscross in all the directions. It features swift bossy
movements, flexible footwork, and constant changes directions.
Bajiquan is an infighting
school of boxing, featuring short, sharp thrusts, powerful
approaching, shoulder-striking, pressing and leaning techniques.
The routines are usually short and well-knit, executed
with violent force. Heavy stamping and bold approaches
are often used to aid the application of force.
Changquan, including Chaquan
and Huaquan, is a major school of Wushu, which uses the
three hand forms of quan, zhang and gou, and the five
stances of gongbu, mabu, pubu, xubu, and xiebu. It is
characterized by easy and stretching postures, agile,
quick and powerful movements, and clear rhythm. It employs
the techniques of leaps, jumps, rollings and tumblings,
Chaquan, Huaquan and other styles of Changquan each have
their own unique characteristics and features.
Chuojiaoquan is characterized
by leg attacking techniques. The basic leg techniques
include stamping, heel kicking, entangling, pointing,
juggling, treading, and grinding. In training, each step
is followed by a foot kick, with altering had and foot
movements. This is a style that shines in leg techniques.
Ditangquan is a style that
features tumbling, falling , rolling, and looping. Since
it involves a lot of acrobatic stunts, its techniques
have a higher degree of difficulty.
Fanziquan boasts short,
swift vigorous movements, compact and well-knit routines
and swift force application. Fanziquan is characterized
by quick succession of hand and foot movements, and usually
several techniques are applied at the same time in a furious
Nanquan includes all the
schools of Wushu popular in South China. There have been
a variety of schools and styles, such as the Hong, Liu,
Cai, Li, and Mo families in Guangdong Province, and the
Yunchun and Wuzu schools in Fujian Province. Each of these
has its own features, yet with many things in common:
powerful extertion of force, firm and steady footwork,
clear-cut movements, and good positioning of body to be
ready to react to attack from any direction. Nanquan performers
often shout and have their muscles bulged when applying
Piguaquan is mainly a long
range striking combat art, characterized by far reaching,
powerful attacks that are coupled within fighting techniques.
Violent extension and contraction, and hacking plus parrying
mark its performance. The application of techniques requires
that the waist be turned and hips drawn in, the arms relaxed
and crossed, and the force be focused on the shoulders
All free combat duels between
two fighters according to certain fixed rules is called
Sanshou. Taiji Push Hand, short and long weapon duels
all fall into this category.
Shaolinquan is a great system
that embraces a great variety of different styles, including
dahonquan, xiahonquan, paoquan, meihuaquan, qixingquann,
and luohanquan. Shaolingquan , as it is taught at the
Shaolin Monastery in Songshan Henan Province, features
simple, straight, small, compact and very forceful postures
and movements. One peculiarity is this the fist strikes
out with the arm neither bent nor totally stretched out.
The conclusion of a movement is often accompanied by snorting.
Taijiquan, is a soft, light
and slow exercise which features continuos, circular and
fluent movements. Different styles of Taijiquan stress
different aspects. Currently, there are five styles of
Taijiquan; Chen, Yang, Wu, Wu and Sun. All Taijiquan evolved
from Chen Style Taijiquan.
Tongbeiquan features the
five basic techniques of backhand blowing, slapping, thrusting,
palm hacking and corkscrew blowing - all closely interwoven
with each other, and supplemented by another eight techniques:
circling, grasping, hooking, rubbing, cutting, scraping,
poling, and flapping. One special feature is that the
hand strikes out in the form of palm, and blows in the
form of fist. Shoulder-swinging and wrist-flipping are
employed to make striking arms hit far with sudden, quick
and explosive force.
Xiangxingquan is an imitation
plus fighting art, which blends combat techniques with
imitation of certain animals or bird or appearances of
certain persons. It consists of a great number of styles,
such as eagle claw, preying mantis, monkey style, snake
style, and drunken style. Xiangxingquan emphasizes the
imitation of the spirit of certain animals or persons.
When practicing Xiangxingquan one should not imitate the
appearances of the object, but also fully display Wushu
characteristics of attack and defense.
Xingyiquan always starts
from a stance with body weight mainly resting on the back
leg (Santishi). It employs the palm cut, the straight
blow, the corkscrew, the oblique thrusts and the swing
as its basic fist techniques. This style of Wushu features
the imitation of the characteristic movements of certain
animals, such as dragon, tiger, monkey, horse, turtle,
cock, hawk, swallow, snake, eagle, and bear. Xingyiquan
is characterized by simple and steady movements, straightforward
and compact routines.